Our Russian farming assets started to develop no-till farming methods recently; about 5% of our land is cultivated this way, and we intend to increase this figure.

Seeds are deposited directly into untilled soil by opening a narrow slot trench or hole.

This offers minimal soil disturbance, and allows soil to be permanently protected by vegetation, significantly reducing soil erosion and conserving water in the soil. After several years this method can lead to higher crop yields. We also believe it reduces climate change risks.

Although it will increase the chemical usage per hectare for plant protection (herbicides and N2O emissions), it will decrease GHG emissions from the soil, and reduce the use of fossil fuel and synthetic nitrogen fertiliser. We expect operational costs per hectare to reduce, due to lower fuel consumption and fixed costs per hectare.