We produce and market chrome ore, ferrochrome and vanadium, and we are one of the world's largest and lowest-cost producers. We also market manganese ore and alloys.

Ferroalloys in figures - 2022

  • 1,162 kt

    of ferrochrome produced at our own assets

  • 19.5 mlb

    of vanadium pentoxide produced at our own assets

Uses of ferroalloys


Most of the world's ferrochrome is used in the production of corrosion resistant steel, more specifically stainless steel.

Manganese alloys

Most of the world's manganese is used in carbon steel production.


Vanadium alloys are used to strengthen specialty steels for use in niche and high-end applications. It is also used in the production of vanadium redox batteries.

Our assets

Our chromite assets are held via our majority stake in the Glencore–Merafe Chrome Venture, and our vanadium assets via our majority shareholding stake in the Rhovan-Bakwena Vanadium Venture. 

Through our 79.5% stake in the Glencore-Merafe Chrome Venture, we have interests in the following mines and smelters:


  • Helena, Magareng and Thorncliffe chrome mines, situated on the Eastern Limb of the Bushveld Igneous Complex
  • Waterval and Kroondal chrome mines situated near Rustenburg on the Western Llimb of the Bushveld Igneous Complex
  • Rietvly silica mine, an open-cast operation, situated near Rustenburg



We have a number of ferrochrome smelters with varying technology:

  • Boshoek, Wonderkop and Rustenburg smelter complexes near Rustenburg, that use Outokumpu technology
  • Lion and Lydenburg smelter complexes near Steelpoort and Lydenburg respectively, that use Premus technology

Located near Brits, Rhovan is an open-cast mine and smelter complex, which mainly produces ferrovanadium and vanadium pentoxide.

Char Technologies produces high-quality electrode paste and char that are used in the production of ferroalloys. 

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Marketing lead
Jason Kluk
Industrial lead
Japie Fullard