Climate change *

As one of the world’s largest globally diversified natural resource companies, we have a key role to play in the global transition to a low carbon economy. 

As the world moves towards a low-carbon economy, we are focused on supporting the energy needs of today whilst investing in our transition-commodities portfolio. The commodities we produce, source and market can help support the global ambition to decarbonise.

Our position on climate and energy transition

We support the goals of the Paris Agreement (Article 2, Paris Agreement) to limit the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

As part of this, we recognise and support the global effort in transitioning away from fossil fuels in energy systems, in a just, orderly and equitable manner. We recognise the common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities of domestic economies in pursuit of climate objectives and believe that actions to limit temperatures must support United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, including sustained, inclusive economic growth, and universal access to clean, affordable energy. 

In particular, energy security and affordability are increasingly recognised1 as essential measures which need to be balanced with the rate of transition. Given the unique challenges presented by the transition, we anticipate that it will not be linear and will depend heavily on individual countries’ ability to transition away from fossil fuels in energy systems.

Only through collective inclusive action can the world achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement and limit the impact of climate change, while balancing the need for energy security and affordability. Systems-level change is needed at both the national and industry level, therefore requiring companies, governments and civil society to work together. Companies need to collaborate beyond their own enterprise-level decarbonisation plans and governments need to create a policy environment that supports these efforts.

We recognise our own role and responsibility to contribute to the global effort to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement – and are committed to playing our role within the system. 

Our primary contribution to accelerating the energy transition is through the supply of the metals that underpin the expansion of low-carbon technologies. Resource constraints are a determining factor of the pace of decarbonisation – and we are committed to supporting the supply of metals such as copper, cobalt, nickel and zinc. We do this via our industrial operations, our project pipeline, our marketing business and investment in our recycling business.

1  IEA (2023), World Energy Outlook 2023, IEA, Paris, Licence: CC BY 4.0 (report); CC BY NC SA 4.0 (Annex A), page 23.

Our ambition and decarbonisation targets

Beyond supporting the energy transition overall through the supply of metals, we take a holistic approach to decarbonisation, focusing on reducing our combined industrial Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions. 

In the 2024-2026 CATP, we reaffirm our existing industrial emissions reduction targets against a restated 2019 baseline and have added a new interim target, all of which are leading towards our 2050 net zero emissions ambition, subject to a supportive policy environment: 

  • 2026: 15% reduction in our Scope 1, 2 and 3 industrial CO2e emissions against a restated 2019 baseline by the end of 2026
  • 2030: 25% reduction in our Scope 1, 2 and 3 industrial CO2e emissions against a restated 2019 baseline by the end of 2030 – a new interim target added this year in response to stakeholder feedback
  • 2035: 50% reduction in our Scope 1, 2 and 3 industrial CO2e emissions against a restated 2019 baseline by the end of 2035

Refer to our Annual Report and Basis of Reporting 2023 for detailed information on how we calculate our emissions and other important information regarding our aspirations:

We have identified our route to achieving our targets and ambition, and are on track to meet our 2026, 2030 and 2035 decarbonisation targets. Beyond our targets, we support the use of carbon credits to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement and are preparing our capabilities accordingly.

Our decarbonisation targets in context

We acknowledge there are various views on the pathway (and energy mix) required to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. The scenarios developed by the IPCC and IEA are amongst several inputs into our climate strategy. We do not seek to align to any particular pathway or scenario but continue to monitor and compare our targets to a range of scenarios as they are updated each year. 

Our 2026, 2030 and 2035 targets are currently ahead of both national governments’ stated policies and announced pledges for the same years (as modelled in IEA Stated Policies Scenario (SPS) and APS scenarios). Our targets are not aligned with the IEA NZE scenario, an increasingly unrealistic scenario due to the extent to which policy, technology and investment are lagging this pathway.

Amongst the various relevant scenarios, we recognise the IEA Announced Pledges Scenario as a real-world starting point from which to work towards a ‘supportive policy environment’ in our net zero ambition. 

As noted by the IEA, enabling the APS scenario requires implementation of policy, increased financing and substantial further development to progress towards a net zero outcome. The IEA has acknowledged the progression of policy and availability of financing is lagging the APS and this is reflected in the Delayed Action Case (DAC)2, which recognises the potential for delayed implementation of announced pledges and shows how emissions reductions can be bridged to align with 1.5oC by 2100 with stronger policy and implementation post 2030. 

Our climate approach is informed by the global policy environment, as we believe that government commitments are most likely to influence and direct global energy systems through the process of transition.

Our Scope 3 emissions calculation methodology describes the methodology, organisational and operational boundaries, data sources and key assumptions used by Glencore to calculate and report Scope 3 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

2 IEA (2023), Net Zero Roadmap: A Global Pathway to Keep the 1.5 °C Goal in Reach, IEA, Paris, License: CC BY 4.0

Our approach to decarbonisation

In March 2024, we published our 2024-2026 Climate Action Transition Plan (the 2024-2026 CATP). The 2024-2026 CATP reflects a wide range of inputs, from our own market analysis, shareholder engagement, the IEA’s latest modelling to analysing peer approaches. We have listened to our stakeholders, using their input to inform our approach and are grateful to everyone who engaged with us. 

Our 2024-2026 CATP sets out the four strategic pillars of our strategy, against which we will report annually on progress :

  1. Managing our operational footprint: We continue to identify and deliver cost-effective emissions reduction opportunities for our Scope 1 and 2 emissions. Whilst our Scope 1 and 2 emissions reflect a small proportion of our industrial emissions footprint, these factors are within our control and we are developing solutions to address them, such as electrification and alternative fuel, as well as strengthening our own monitoring capabilities.
  2. Responsibly reducing our Scope 3 emissions: We remain committed to the responsible phase-down of our coal portfolio. We recognise the different roles of thermal coal and steelmaking coal – and the different transition pathways for both.
  3. Advancing tomorrow through our transition-enabling commodities portfolio. The expected growth in clean energy and low-carbon technologies is leading to an increased need for ‘transition’ commodities and we are investing to meet an expected significant increase in demand for these.
  4. Driving new business models: We are positioning our business for the future through the pursuit of new business models that support the transition, such as recycling and carbon solutions.

Climate change governance

Our Board is responsible for oversight of overall performance and strategic direction, including with respect to climate change and considers climate-related issues when reviewing and guiding major acquisitions and disposals, overall risk management, capital expenditure and budgeting, setting the Group’s performance objectives and other strategic matters.

The Board is responsible for overseeing the Group’s climate strategy and progress against Glencore’s climate commitments. Implementation of our climate strategy is led by the management team via our Climate Change Taskforce (CCT). Progress on this topic is a standing item on the Board agenda and is discussed in Board meetings at least twice yearly. 

Through the Chair and CEO, the Board consults with shareholders on climate-related matters.

The Climate Change Taskforce (CCT) is accountable to the Board and is led by our Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The CCT has responsibility for, and oversight of, the work streams and coordination of workflow for the delivery of Glencore’s climate strategy and commitments, including activities relating to:

  • Decarbonisation of industrial activities;
  • Internal reporting standard development and data quality and consistency review;
  • Capital allocation and portfolio management;
  • Macroeconomic assessments including Group carbon pricing; and
  • External engagement, communication and advocacy.

The CCT has four working groups (Industrial, Marketing, Data and External) to drive the delivery of our industrial emissions reduction targets and net zero ambition. It is through these working groups that we assess initiatives to reduce our emissions, identify and leverage carbon marketing opportunities, design and implement systems to support complete, accurate and attestable reporting and monitor external trends, while coordinating and overseeing advocacy and communication efforts. These working groups also play an important role in helping management to be informed about and monitor climate-related issues through their upwards reporting.

The CEO is the named executive for driving the climate strategy within the Board and has responsibility for implementing the decisions of the Board and its Committees, as well as leading Glencore’s operating performance and day-to-day management. The CEO’s 2023 scorecard for annual variable compensation includes a 30% component relating to ESG matters, of which half is for safety performance and half for progress towards our industrial emissions reduction targets.

Climate change disclosure

Through regular, clear and accurate disclosure of our actions to reduce emissions, we can support the understanding of our performance and progress, as well as set out how policy and technology developments create opportunities and risks for our portfolio.

We engage with a broad range of stakeholders on climate-related topics, recognising their interest in our contribution to climate change mitigation and the exposure of our business to various climate-related risks and opportunities. 

We believe that it is appropriate that we take an active and constructive role in public policy development, either directly or indirectly through our membership of industry organisations. Evolving regulatory developments and scrutiny of our advocacy activities require that we hold consistent positions on policy, these are available in our 2022 Climate Report. 

We communicate these positions both directly through our engagement with government representatives and policy makers, as well as through the industry organisations in which we hold membership. We participate directly in public consultations, as well as through our memberships in industry organisations’ working groups that provided submissions as part of public policy development processes. Where available, our responses are at

We monitor both our direct and indirect lobbying on climate-related topics and evaluate any statements, both internally generated and/or made by an external organisation in which Glencore is a member, against alignment with our support for the goals of the Paris Agreement (Article 2). 

We recognise the importance that many of our shareholders attach to climate change and their desire to have the opportunity to advise us on our efforts. Since 2021, in response to this interest, we have provided our shareholders with an advisory vote on our climate action transition plan, and provide yearly updates which detail our progress in delivering on our plan in relation to our industrial emissions reduction targets and longer-term ambition of net-zero industrial emissions by 2050, subject to a supportive policy environment.

Supporting a Just Transition

The transition to a low carbon economy will affect our operations in different ways:

  • In some areas there will be a ‘transition out’ as we close energy industrial assets that are uneconomic or reach the end of their economic life; and
  • In other areas there will be a ‘transition in’ as we focus on our operations producing the commodities required for the transition, such as copper and nickel, and ramp-up activities as our metals and recycling businesses expand to meet the demands of a low-carbon society.

A just and orderly transition is a global, regional and country specific challenge which we cannot solve alone. In our approach we will seek to work together with governments, other businesses, communities and other stakeholders to mitigate impacts and accelerate the social benefit potential that the energy transition facilitates. 

We use the following set of principles to inform our approach to the just transition: 

  • Adopting a multi-stakeholder approach: To manage a structural decline in mining production successfully, a multi-stakeholder approach is essential. We engage with national and regional governments, affected communities, our workforce, trade unions and civil society groups to consider options to address the socioeconomic consequences arising from mine closure as a result of the transition to a low carbon economy. 
  • Supporting civic dialogue: We aim to collaborate with key stakeholders, other mining companies and other industries to support civic dialogue and greater transparency in our operating countries - we believe this is critical to enable the advancement of human rights through the transition.
  • Supporting vulnerable people and groups: We recognise that the transition may have a greater impact on vulnerable groups. We consider these groups during our stakeholder identification processes and determine the most appropriate ways of engaging with them. We try to understand and respect their concerns and identify opportunities for their inclusion and participation.
  • Promoting resilient communities: Where possible, we seek to foster socioeconomic resilient communities through building capacity, enabling diversification of local enterprises, and working to ensure local small, medium-sized and micro-enterprises (SMMEs) have fair access to our contracts.
  • Supporting skills development: The retraining of our workforce who are directly affected by the energy transition is important to support local economies we aim to promote and contribute to skills development for the future energy system where appropriate.
  • Supporting infrastructure and public services development: We recognise that infrastructure development not only supports our mine operations but provides stimulus for local employment and economic prosperity.
  • Advocating for government policies that support a just and orderly transition: We recognise that many of our host governments are still developing their just transition policies. As such, we aim to support our host governments and to advocate for frameworks that ensure that a share of existing taxes and royalties is allocated to supporting at-risk mining communities and their transition to a low carbon future.

* Reference is made to the latest Group Reporting Glossary available at suite with respect to the terms used here. Refer to our latest Annual Report and Basis of Reporting for detailed information on our definitions and on how we calculate our emissions and other important information regarding our aspirations:

Principles we follow

UN Global Compact
UN Global Compact
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Principle 7
Principle 7

businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges

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Principle 8
Principle 8

undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility

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Principle 9
Principle 9

encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies

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Principle 6
Principle 6

Environmental performance

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Principle 13
Principle 13

Climate Action

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Air emissions
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Carbon capture
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Waste management
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Water management
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